In a competitive environment, investors and market participants require a transparent and fair approach to regulation. The enactment of a regulatory framework in its member states has therefore been a high priority for ECTEL as it provides the rules and guidelines for regulatory decisions that may be required.

The Regulatory Framework comprises different types of regulatory instruments which expand upon the general legislative framework in the Telecommunications Act. Under the Treaty, ECTEL is to recommend regional policies, procedures and guidelines in the key areas of Access and Interconnection, Pricing, Spectrum Management, Numbering, Licensing and Universal Service.